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CCL - Alb - Introduction and Taster

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Alb

Libri: Introduction and Taster

Sfida e Islamit

ĒĖSHTJE THEMELORE

Ēfarė mendoni pėr marrėdhėnien ndėrmjet islamit dhe krishterimit? Shumė tė krishterė e shohin islamin si njė kėrcėnim, nė tė njėjtėn mėnyrė siē u pa komunizmi pėr pjesėn mė tė madhe tė shekullit tė njėzetė. Por ky perceptim ēon nė qėndrime tė padobishme frike dhe armiqėsie. Ndėrsa kur islami shikohet si njė sfidė, mund tė lulėzojnė qėndrime dobiprurėse: interes nė lutje, njė dėshirė pėr tė qenė mė i informuar dhe njė zemėr qė digjet pėr tė fituar fqinjėt myslimanė. Fakti qė kaq shumė myslimanė tani jetojnė nė Perėndim mund tė shikohet si plani i Perėndisė pėr tė ēuar gjithnjė e mė tepėr myslimanė ballė pėr ballė me Krishtin. Tashmė nuk ėshtė e nevojshme tė lini lagjen tuaj e tė shkoni jashtė shtetit pėr t’i gjetur ata. Myslimanėt janė bėrė fqinjėt tanė nė Toronto, Amsterdam, Los-Anxhelos, Londėr, Nju-Jork, Paris dhe Sidnei. Nė tė vėrtetė, myslimanė, pa dyshim, mund tė ketė edhe nė komunitetin tuaj. Ne duhet t’i duam, t’i mbrojmė dhe tė kėrkojmė tė mirėn e tyre (Eksodi 22:21; 23:9; Ligji i Pėrtėrirė 19:33-34). Ndėrsa filloni tė mendoni nė mėnyrė ndėrtuese se si t’i afroheni fqinjit tuaj mysliman, ėshtė e rėndėsishme tė mbani mend se njė shumėllojshmėri ēėshtjesh (jo tė gjitha fetare), mund tė ndikojnė nė miqėsinė, si dhe nė komunikimin tuaj tė lajmit tė mirė. Disa nga kėto probleme lindin nga qėndrimet dhe pėrvojat tuaja, ndėrsa tė tjerat vijnė nga brendėsia e shokut tuaj mysliman.

HISTORIA DHE KULTURA MYSLIMANE

Shumė myslimanė vijnė nga vende qė mė pėrpara kanė qenė koloni evropiane. Kėto fuqi kolonizatore shpesh e kanė keqtrajtuar dhe kanė abuzuar me popullatėn vendėse, duke i konsideruar ata si tepėr tė paditur e tė pagdhendur pėr tė qenė tė qytetėruar. Si pasojė, shokėt tuaj myslimanė mund tė jenė shumė tė ndjeshėm ndaj qėndrimeve raciste apo totalitare. Ata mund t’i shikojnė tė krishterėt perėndimorė me dyshim apo armiqėsi. Kini parasysh se kėto qėndrime shpesh janė pėrkeqėsuar nga breza tė tėrė frike, padijeje, analfabetizmi dhe politikash. Ju mund ta pyesni shokun tuaj mysliman pėr kombin dhe qytetėrimin e tij. Bota myslimane ka njė histori tė pasur. Myslimanėt shėnuan pėrparime tė mėdha nė astronomi, matematikė dhe mjekėsi nė njė kohė kur Evropa ishte akoma nė mesjetė. Nė botėn myslimane, mėnyrat e tė menduarit ndryshojnė dhe shpesh janė nė kundėrshtim tė mprehtė me mėnyrėn perėndimore tė tė menduarit. Njohuritė themelore mbi historinė dhe kulturėn e islamit do t’ju ndihmojnė tė jeni tė ndjeshėm ndaj fushave problematike qė mund tė krijohen.

SHOQĖRIA MYSLIMANE

Shoqėria islame kėrkon nga anėtarėt e saj njė konformizėm tė rreptė. Vlerat individuale dhe arritjet vetjake nuk e kanė atė rėndėsi qė gėzojnė nė Perėndim; mendimi i grupit, nė veēanti ai i familjes, ėshtė mė i rėndėsishmi. Nė kėtė mėnyrė, sjellja individuale kontrollohet nga shoqėria, duke lėnė pak hapėsirė pėr veprim tė pavarur. Prandaj, shoku juaj mysliman mund tė mos jetė mėsuar me marrjen e atyre lloj vendimeve individuale qė shoqėrohen me pranimin e ungjillit. Njihuni me pjesėtarėt e familjes dhe punoni nėpėrmjet dinamikės sė marrėdhėnieve tė tyre. Njė gjė e tillė mund tė provohet se ėshtė thelbėsore pėr njė dėshmim tė efektshėm. Zhvilloni njė mėnyrė tė ndjeshme afrimi ndaj familjes myslimane apo ungjillėzimit tė njerėzve tė shtėpisė, duke pasur parasysh se njėsitė e kthyera nė besim, brenda familjes, janė thelbėsore nė formimin dhe qėndrueshmėrinė e kishės vendore nė shoqėrinė myslimane.

TĖ KUPTOJMĖ ISLAMIN

Fjala islam vjen nga rrėnja e njė fjale arabe qė jep kuptimin e nėnshtrimit. Nė pėrdorimin fetar, zakonisht ka kuptimin e nėnshtrimit ndaj Perėndisė. Ithtarėt e kėsaj feje quhen myslimanė (domethėnė, ata qė janė tė nėnshtruar). Qėndrimi i myslimanėve ndaj fesė drejtohet nga Kur’ani 4:125:

“Kush ka fe mė tė mirė se ai qė sinqerisht i ėshtė bindur Allahut dhe, duke qenė bamirės, e ndjek fenė e drejtė tė Ibrahimit? Allahu e zgjodhi Ibrahimin tė dashurin mė tė ngushtė.”

Islami synon tė jetė njė fe e nėnshtrimit ndaj Perėndisė, njė nėnshtrim qė idealisht e shfaq veten nė njė varg gjėrash tė jashtme, ku mė e dukshmja ėshtė kryerja e veprave tė mira. Myslimanėt besojnė se Abrahami ishte njė pasues i islamit; si i tillė, jeta e tij ėshtė shembullore dhe e vlefshme pėr t’u imituar. Me qėllim qė tė kuptojmė mė mirė zhvillimin e islamit si njė sistem fetar, ėshtė e rėndėsishme tė shqyrtojmė historinė e tij. Historia ėshtė veēanėrisht e rėndėsishme kur shikohet nė krahasim me kulturėn arabe paraislamike.

NGRITJA E ISLAMIT

Nė Arabi, koha pėrpara islamit njihet si periudha e padijes. Vendi banohej kryesisht nga nomadė shkretėtirash, tė cilėt ishin politeistė dhe disa prej tyre besonin nė njė Zot suprem, tė rrethuar nga njė sėrė hyjnish tė tjera mė tė vogla. Rutina e pėrditshme mbizotėrohej nga besėtytnitė. Qyteti i Mekės, nė Arabinė Perėndimore, njė qendėr ekonomike dhe fetare, reflektonte shumė nga kjo besėtytni. Nė kryqėzimet e disa prej rrugėve tregtare, banorėt e Mekės kishin ngritur panteonin e tyre si mjet pėr tė konsoliduar fuqinė ekonomike. Pelegrinėt dhe tregtarėt, nga fiset rreth e pėrqark, mblidheshin nė njė faltore, Ka’aba, e cila ndodhej nė Mekė. Megjithėse Bibla ishte pėrkthyer tashmė nė disa gjuhė (pėr shembull, nė koptishte, etiopishte dhe sirianisht), pėrpara shekullit tė gjashtė, Dhiata e Re ka mundėsi tė mos jetė pėrkthyer nė arabishte deri nė vitin 720 (domethėnė, rreth njė shekull pas kohės sė Muhamedit). Pėr kėtė arsye, megjithėse grupe tė shpėrndara hebrenjsh e tė krishterėsh jetonin nė Gadishullin Arabik, nė vitet pėrpara islamit, duket sikur kėta tė krishterė kanė pasur pak gjallėri shpirtėrore dhe nuk kanė bėrė shumė pėrpjekje pėr tė ungjillėzuar fiset pagane.

Muhamedi u lind nė Mekė rreth vitit 570 pas K. Gjatė udhėtimeve tė tij me karvanė tregtarė, ai ėshtė ekspozuar, ndoshta, ndaj mėsimeve hebraike dhe tė krishtera dhe ndikimet qė patėn kėto mėsime mund tė vihen re nė zhvillimin e islamit. Muhamedi kishte njė natyrė fetare e mendimtare dhe pas martesės me Kadijen, njė vejushė e pasur, ai ishte i lirė t’i kushtonte gjithmonė e mė tepėr kohė meditimit. Nė njė vizion qė pati nė njė shpellė tė Hiras, ai e ndjeu se ishte thirrur pėr tė qenė njė profet i Perėndisė. Ai u ngarkua qė tė paralajmėronte arabėt pėr ardhjen e ditės sė gjykimit dhe t’i sillte ata nėn bindje dhe nėnshtrim tė plotė ndaj tė vetmit Perėndi, nė mėnyrė qė t’i shpėtonin zemėrimit tė Tij. Nė fillim, ai u tregoi vetėm shokėve tė vet pėr vegimet. Vite mė vonė, ai e ndau mesazhin me tė huajt. Siē mund tė pritej, nė Mekė pati shumė kundėrshtime, sepse mėsimet e tij kėrcėnuan drejtpeshimin fetar dhe ekonomik tė qytetit. Kėshtu qė admirues entuziastė pėrhapėn fjalė nė qytetin e afėrt tė Medinės. Nė vitin 622 pas K., Muhamedi u shpėrngul nė Medinė pėr t’iu shmangur persekutimit. Kjo ngjarje, e quajtur hixhra, shėnon fillimin e kalendarit islam.

Muhamedi ishte njė njeri me personalitet dhe vullnet tė fortė, njė administrator i fuqishėm, i aftė qė t’i bėnte pasuesit e tij tė ndiheshin tė respektuar dhe tė trajtuar me drejtėsi. Kėto aftėsi, dhe besnikėria e pasuesve tė tij, bėnė tė mundur qė feja e re tė pėrhapej me shpejtėsi nėpėr tė gjithė Gadishullin Arabik. Pas vdekjes sė Muhamedit, nė vitin 632 pasK., kalifėt (pasuesit e profetit) e ēuan islamin nė Afrikėn e Veriut, Azi dhe nė Evropėn Jugore. Nė mė pak se njė shekull pas vdekjes sė Muhamedit, islami ishte kthyer nė njė forcė fetare qė sundonte strukturėn ekonomike, kulturore dhe politike tė jetės sė pėrditshme.

KUR’ANI

Islami e shquan veten nga fetė e tjera botėrore me anė tė librit tė tij tė shenjtė, Kur’anit (qė do tė thotė “recitim”), i cili ka pėrparėsi mbi tė gjithė librat e tjerė fetarė. Sė bashku me Hadithin, ose traditat, ai siguron njė udhėzues tė detyrueshėm qė myslimani duhet ta zbatojė nė sjelljen e tij.

ZANAFILLA....


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